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7th International Conference on Parasitology & Microbes, will be organized around the theme “Evolving the new methods for curing the parasitic diseases”

Parasitology 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Parasitology 2019

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Parasitology 2019 is a science related discipline that deals with use and the application of microorganisms for human benefit. It is a branch of medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. Moreover, this field of science is concerned about various clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health.

Parasitology & Microbes 2019 |Parasitology 2019 | Tokyo,Japan Conference Series
Parasitism is a non-mutual symbiotic relationship between species, where as one species the parasite benefits at the expense of other the host. Traditionally parasite referred primarily to organisms visible to the naked eye or macro parasites such as helminths.

Medical parasitology traditionally has included the study of three major groups of animals: parasitic protozoa, parasitic helminths (worms), and those arthropods that directly cause disease or act as vectors of various pathogens. A parasite is a pathogen that simultaneously injures and derives sustenance from its host. Some organisms called parasites are actually commensals, in that they neither benefit nor harm their host (for example, Entamoeba coli). Although parasitology had its origins in the zoologic sciences, it is today an interdisciplinary field, greatly influenced by microbiology, immunology, biochemistry, and other life sciences.

Medical helminthology is the field of medicine that pertains to helminths (worms) capable of disease in people. The public health impact of medical helminths is appreciable. Two billion people are infected by soil-transmitted helminths such as Ascaris, hookworms, and Trichuris trichiura and by schistosomes. Early childhood infections by soil-transmitted helminths delays physical and cognitive development. Other widespread helminthic infections include onchocerciasis, lymphatic filariasis, dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease), and food-borne trematode and tapeworm infections. All of these infections cause chronic morbidity and debilitation.
Parasites require different cultivation Practice such as nutrients, temperature and even incubation conditions. Cultivation is an important method for diagnosis of many clinically parasites. eg:Entamoeba  histolytica, Trichomonas vaginalis, Leishmania spp., Strongyloides stercoralis and free-living amoebae.
 
The parasitic infections, culture are not a routine identification technique. Useful for clinching the diagnosis in some protozoan parasitic infections, e.g. in case of Central Nervous System infections by frees living amoebae.
 

Arthropods form a huge assemblage of small fluid-filled cavity within the body of most multicellular animals with jointed limbs. They exhibit segmentation of their bodies which is often masked in adults because of their 10-25 body segments which are combined into 2-3 functional groups called tagmata. They exhibit varying degrees of cephalization, sensory receptors and feeding structures in the head region.

Structural parasitology is the study of structures of parasitic proteins.  Among protozoan parasites, the phylum of Apicomplexa includes organisms responsible for malaria, toxoplasmosis and cryptosporidiosis. Trypanosoma and Leishmania parasites, belonging to the phylum of Kinetoplastida, cause Chagas disease, African Sleeping Disease and visceral leishmaniasis.  For some of these diseases, such as malaria, existing drugs face the threat of resistance.  For others, such as cryptosporidiosis, there is no effective chemotherapy.
 

The Parasitic Disease can also be known as parasitosis, infectious disease can be caused or transmitted by a parasite. Many parasites do not cause diseases. Parasitic diseases can affect practically all living organisms, including plants and mammals. The parasites like Toxoplasma gondii and Plasmodium spp. can cause disease directly, but other organisms can cause disease by the toxins that they produce.

The main topics covered are the physiology, immunology, biochemistry, and molecular biology of eukaryotic parasites, and the interaction between the parasite and its host, including chemotherapy against parasites.
 
The diseases caused by these parasites constitute major human health problems throughout the world. The incidence of many parasitic diseases (eg. schistosomiasis, malaria) have increased rather than decreased in recent years. Other parasitic illnesses have increased in importance as a result of the AIDS epidemic (eg., cryptosporidiosis, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, and strongyloidiasis).Like other pathogens, parasites must survive in the face of a highly potent immune system. Over millions of years of evolution, they succeed in this through a great diversity of strategies for avoiding immune detection, suppressing cellular immunity and deflecting immune attack mechanisms

The effects of parasitic worms on the immune system are a recently emerging topic of study among immunologists and other biologists. Experiments involved a wide range of parasites, diseases and hosts. The effects on humans have been of special interest for the researchers. The tendency of many parasitic worms to pacify the host's immune response allows them to mollify some diseases while some worsening others.

This scientific session covers many infections and infestations that are classified as "tropical diseases" used to be endemic in countries located in the tropics. This includes widespread epidemics such as malaria; Ebola and hookworm infections as well as exceedingly rare diseases like lagochilascaris minor. Many of these diseases have been controlled or even eliminated from developed countries, as a result of improvements in housing, diet, sanitation, and personal hygiene.
 
Parasites are single cell small sized micro-organisms that live on other living things including animals and humans to get food and survive. Sometimes humans can suffer severe life threatening infections when they have a parasitic attack. Parasitic diseases caused mainly by Protozoa and Helminths.
 
Parasites are of two types’ ectoparasites and endoparasites. If any parasite lives on the surface of a host such as human it is called as ectoparasite and parasite lives inside the living thing it is called as endoparasite. Mainly parasitic diseases are occurred by endoparasites.
 

Then laboratory diagnosis involves conventional methods such as optical microscopy used for the morphological identification. Molecular biology techniques are used to diagnose parasite structures, identification and characterization of parasites. The objective of the present study was to review the main current and new diagnostic techniques for Identification of parasite infections.

Parasites are the potential key for treating autoimmune diseases. There is a new weapon in the fight for against autoimmune diseases such as Type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease. The common trait is that an immune system that attacks its own organs and tissues.
 
Helminthic therapy is an experimental type of immune therapy, and it is the treatment of autoimmune diseases and immune disorders.
Medical entomology, or public health entomology, and also veterinary entomology are focused upon insects and arthropods that impact human health. Veterinary entomology is included in this category, because many animal diseases can "jump species" and become a human health threat, for example, bovine encephalitis.
 

Parasitic nutrition is a mode of heterotrophic nutrition where an organism lives on the body surface or inside the body of another type of organism .The parasite obtains nutrition directly from the body of the host. The parasites derive their nourishment from their host. This symbiotic interaction is often described as harmful to the host. Parasites are dependent on their host for survival; host provides nutrition and protection for the parasite. As a result of this dependence, parasites have considerable modifications to optimise parasitic nutrition and therefore their survival.

Recombinant DNA technology has major impact on our understanding of many organisms and biological processes over the past three decades. The polymerase chain reaction has greatly enhanced the power of recombinant DNA by provided allowance for the detection of a little as one molecule. Cloned complementary DNA copies of mRNAs are easy to expression of individual gene products in other organisms.

The control of parasitic diseases of humans has been undertaken since the cause and history of the infections was recognized. Some parasitic infections such as malaria have proved difficult to control. Helminth infections can be effectively controlled.

Vectors are living organisms that can transmit infectious diseases between humans or from animals to humans. Many of these vectors are bloodsucking insects, which ingest disease-producing microorganisms during a blood meal from an infected host (human or animal) and later inject it into a new host during their subsequent blood meal.Mosquitoes are the best known disease vector. Others include ticks, flies, sandflies, fleas, triatomine bugs and some freshwater aquatic snails.

This session covers the molecular biology and biochemistry of parasitic protozoa and helminths and their interactions with both the definitive and intermediate host. The main subject areas covered are:
 
•The structure, biosynthesis, degradation, properties and function of DNA, RNA, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and small molecular-weight substances
 
• Intermediary metabolism and bioenergetics
 
• Drug target characterization and the mode of action of antiparasitic drugs
 
• Molecular and biochemical aspects of membrane structure and function
 
• Host-parasite relationships that focus on the parasite, particularly as related to specific parasite molecules.
 
• Analysis of genes and genome structure, function and expression
 
• Analysis of variation in parasite populations relevant to genetic exchange
 
Tick-borne diseases are becoming a serious problem in this country as people increasingly build homes in formerly uninhabited wilderness areas where ticks and their animal hosts live. Tickborne diseases can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites. Most people become infected through tick bites during the spring and summer months.
 
Tick-borne diseases can be found throughout the United States. For example, Lyme disease, first discovered in Connecticut in the early 1970s, has since spread to every state except Hawaii.